Pinguicula jackii newly discovered location.

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They discover new Cuban locality of carnivorous plant Alexander Romero EmperadorSancti Spíritus, Cuba, 24 sep (PL) a new locality for the Pinguicula species jackii, plants carnivore, was discovered in the zone of Four Winds, near Tops of Collantes, in Sancti Spíritus, revealed local investigators. This rupícola species was found by Alexander Romero Emperador and Blas Perez Silva, of the Foundation Antonio Núñez Jiménez of the Nature and the Man in an expedition framed between the planned activities in greeting to the Year the International of the Mountain. Romero declared to Latin Press that previously single had been reported in a place known like Buenos Aires, in the Mountain range of the Escambray and in the new area a colony of four plants exists. Few vegetal species have the most remarkable adaptation of the leaves for a special function: to be able, by several means, to capture insects and to obtain food of them. These insectivorous plants, as also it is known them, added, they poorly have developed systems radiculares, and it is them mainly in places where it is scarce nitrogen, that habitually they obtain from the ground. In Cuba they are distributed by white sand savannahs, to the south of Pine of the River in the West and Island of Youth, and in the tropical forests of the mountainous regions of the center and the east, in landscapes without parallel in the rest of the Caribbean. In the island they are grouped in two families: Droseráceas and lentibulariáceas. First it is represented by the Drosera sort, whereas second, by other three sorts; Genlisea, Utricularia and Pinguicula. Of this last one, it added Romero, whose meaning in Latin is "hoja grasienta, " five species exist in the archipelago, that receive the name vernáculo of grasillas. The Pinguicula jackii, endemic of mountains of the Escambray, is a plantita of hardly 15 cm., was discovered in 1944 and eeted again again by specialists of the National Botanical Garden in the decade of the 80. The pale green color of the leaves and the scent of these plants, attract small insects, specially dípteros like the flies. In the surface of the leaves tens of thousands of glands by square centimeter are observed the microscope, these have pin form and secrete a sticky substance in which they are retained the insects. The excitation of the glands because of the contact with the prey, causes that the edges of the leaf bend, advancing towards its center, which facilitates the capture mechanism. Other small glands secrete then a caustic substance that slowly dissolves the body of the insect.