Glycerol-3-P DH reaction

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Malate-Aspartate Shuttle Pathway diagram

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P/O Ratios and Their Determination

P/O ratio for the conversion of citric acid to malate in the mitochondria.

 Reaction
Energy Product

factor
ATP Equivalents
(@2.5 ATP/NADH)
Oxygens consumed 
Isocitrate DH NADH

1

2.5
 1
2-oxoglutarate DH Complex NADH

1

2.5
 1
Succinyl-CoA Synthetase GTP

1

1
 0
Succinate DH FADH2

1

1.5
 1

  TOTAL=

7.5
3
P/O = ATP/O =
7.5/3 = 2.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

lipase reaction strutural diagram

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

palmitic acid structure

Palmitic acid

stearic acid structure

Stearic acid

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

oleic acid structure

Oleic acid

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

glycerophospholipoid structure

Glycerophospholipids

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

membrane lipds and structures

public domain image via Wikipedia Creative Commons

Typical Membrane Lipid Types

 

 

 

 

© R. A. Paselk 2010; Last modified 15 April 2013