Plymouth Colony

By 1608, persecution of the English Separatists had become so intense that one entire congregation migrated to Holland. A few members found, however, that their pure churches and communities could not flourish in Holland and be free from corruption, distraction, and cultural competition.

By 1629, a prosperous Puritan named John Winthrop received a charter through his business, the Massachusetts Bay Company, to establish a model "godly community" of Puritans in northern America - what he called the creation of a model "City upon a Hill". Winthrop set about to recruit devout Puritan families to join him in his religious experiment.

Winthrop quote city on a hill