Pennyslvania. In 1681, a royal charter made Map of Pennsylvania ColonyWilliam Penn, a Quaker, the proprietor of the only ungranted land left along the North American coast.

Pennyslvania's population tripled within five years and stood at 21,000 by 1700. About half were indentured servants and the remainder were families of free farmers and artisans. People of diverse nationalities and religions came to the settlement, bringing experienced farmers and established merchants with trading connections.

Quakers were pacifists who also believed the Indians rightfully owned the land. Thus, peace prevailed between the Lenni Lenapes - or Delawares in English (a tribe of the Algonquin federation) - and the settlers. Penn purchased all land from the Indians before colonization was permitted, prohibited the sale of alcohol to the tribe, strictly regulated the fur trade, and learned the Indian language.